Monday, August 10, 2009

Agra Tours

Agra, the most romantic city in India, Situated on the banks of River Yamuna, Agra is a most important part of the Northern Indian Plains. The historical monuments made in Agra during the medieval period are built by Great Mughals.

Agra was once the capital of the Mughal Empire and even today it seems to linger in the earlier period. Not surprising, for the Mughal emperors with their passion for building, endowed the city with some of the finest structures in the globe. Agra is an old city and it is said that its name was derived from Agrabana, a forest that finds mention in the epic Mahabharata.

In more recent times Agra came into prominence when Sikandar Lodi completed it his capital city in 1501. The Lodi regulation was to end very quickly and Agra passed into the possession of the Mughals.

It was during the time of the third emperor Akbar that Agra came into its own. He embarked on the building of the massive Agra Fort in 1565. Though Akbar was diverted into building a new capital at Fatehpur Sikri not far away.

Agra continued to retain its importance and Shah Jehan, Akbar's garndson decorated the city with that masterpiece of Mughal architecture - the Taj Mahal and built several other beautiful buildings within the Agra fort.

Who ruled India for above three centuries? Badal Singh established the Agra city in 1475. Agra finds its mention in Mahabharata as Agraban. Agra attained a royal status when the Lodhi Kings chose Agra beside the Yamuna. Sikander Lodhi made Agra his capital and in mid 16th century and 17th century, the monuments in Agra were built to keep the city in its own charm. The architecture in Agra reached its zenith during the reign of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan. During the Akbar's reign; Agra became the center of art, culture, commerce and learning.

Altitude of Agra is 169 Meters above sea level and its area is 82 sq. km. Basically, Languages are spoken in Agra Hindi, Urdu and English etc. citizens of Agra like three seasons every year- summers (March to June), Rainy Season (July- October), winters (November to February). Temperature in summers is 21.90 C - 45.00 C, in winters is 4.20 C - 31.70 C and rainfall in Agra measures 66cm average yearly.

1 comment:

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